Legislative and Budget Highlights for Virginia and Pennsylvania

By Warren Brown and John Griffin

We reported in the May 17th Lighting Update that the Maryland General Assembly adjourned their 2022 session having established a “Green Bonanza” of historic funding for conservation and environmental restoration. We are pleased to relay that Virginia and Pennsylvania have also approved historic funding for these programs.

Left Image: VA Capital Building. Right Image: PA Capital Building
(Photo Credit: VA Attorney General and PA Attorney General.)


In Virginia, due to the election of a new governor and a change in the majority of the House of Delegates, advocates were expecting a deemphasis of conservation and environmental funding and related legislative initiatives but somewhat to advocates’ surprise, the session resulted in an historic year of funding for conservation and environmental programs.

A special session of the General Assembly was held to sort out an agreement on funding for Fiscal Years 2023 and 2024. Most attention in this round of legislative and budget issues focused on taxes, education, criminal code revisions and other matters. However, when all was said and done, the General Assembly and the Governor agreed to final budget amendments that established unprecedented levels for conservation and environmental funding!

These achievements were due in part to the support of state agencies and the sustained advocacy of the members and staff of the Virginia Conservation Network, the Virginia United Land Trusts Association, and many other advocacy groups.

Here are the highlights:

  • Virginia’s agricultural Cost Share Program ($256 million)
  • Water Quality Improvement Fund ($314 million)
  • Stormwater Local Assistance Fund ($25 million)
  • Waste Water Nutrient Removal ($75 million)
  • Virginia Land Conservation Fund ($16 million)
  • Farmland Preservation Fund ($0.875 million)
  • Virginia Outdoors Foundation Conservation Tax Credit ($75 million each fiscal year)
  • VA Battlefield Preservation Fund ($4.5 million)
  • Historic Preservation Fund for Black, Indigenous, and People of Color Lands ($5 million)
  • Trails-Extensions and Restoration ($86 million)
  • State Parks-Operations, Deferred Maintenance, Environmental Restoration and Other Improvements ($100 million)
Machadoc Creek in Westmoreland County
(Photo Credit: VA Conservation Network, Luca Manweiler.)


Currently on a yearly budget cycle rather than a two-year cycle in Virginia, Pennsylvania passed their new fiscal year budget by the General Assembly and it was signed by the Governor to include historic new investments in conservation, outdoor recreation, clean water, and preservation. Pennsylvania was in a position to achieve these results for many of the same reasons that MD and VA were able to: better than expected state revenues and the infusion of billions in federal relief payments under the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA).

The $696 million of federal recovery funds for conservation and environmental purposes is the largest new investment in several decades. This infusion along with other appropriations includes the following funds:

  • Keystone Recreation, Park and Conservation Fund ($79.274 million)
  • Environmental Stewardship Fund ($17.897 million)
  • Outdoor Recreation Program ($100 million)
  • New Clean Streams Fund ($220 million)
  • The Reemployment Fund ($1.6 million)
  • Dedicated to county conservation districts to assist farmers ($154 million)
  • Dedicated to a new “pay for success” procurement approach ($22 million)
  • Dedicated to adding existing nutrient management funds ($22 million)
  • Dedicated to local governments for stormwater runoff ($8.8 million)
  • Dedicated to riparian buffers and tree vitalization ($8.8 million)
  • Dedicated to cleanup of mine drainage pollution ($4.4 million)
PA State Parks
(Photo Credit: PA State Parks.)

These achievements as in VA were due in large part to the sustained efforts of state agencies and the Chesapeake Bay Commission, Conserve PA, PA League of Conservation Voters, Penn Future, and many other organizations.

We hope to see many benefits from these established budgets and will continue to report on conservation and preservation across the watershed!

Lightning Update is a regular communication of the Chesapeake Conservation Partnership. Any opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions of the Partnership or member organizations.
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Support for the Chesapeake Conservation Partnership is provided by:
National Park Service Chesapeake
EPA Chesapeake Bay Program
USDA Forest Service
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation & Natural Resources
Maryland Department of Natural Resources
Virginia Outdoors Foundation
US Fish & Wildlife Service
Chesapeake Conservancy

The Chesapeake Conservation Partnership is co-convened by: